AlgoTron DSP Software for Telecoms & Audio
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G.722 Audio Coder TMS320C5000 DSP Code

Description: the ITU G.722 audio coder is intended for wideband (50Hz - 7000Hz) audio signals. The sample rate is 16kHz with 15-bit samples, and the compression is to 64kb/s. Of this 8 or 16kb/s can be masked out in transmission to send auxiliary data information, at a small loss in audio quality after decoding. The algorithm is capable of sending multiple voice signals and sounds clear with loudspeakers. Music also codes with good quality given the bandwidth restriction. Applications include video conferencing and high quality telephony. The algorithm uses Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation (ADPCM) in a backwards configuration. Throughput delay is low, the encoder output being a code adaptively quantised from the current input sample and the coder memory.
         The Algotron implementation has been developed to have low DSP resource usage whilst still passing the G.722 test vectors. The encoder and decoder routines are operated as separate items with individual subroutine calls. With the assembler interface, each should be called every 8kHz. The encoder requires 2 successive input samples, and generates a single 8-bit ADPCM code per call, ie 64kb/s regardless of mode. The decoder takes either the same 8-bit code or a truncation to 7- or 6-bits depending on the bit rate mode of 64, 56, or 48kb/s, and generates two successive output samples.
         A further subroutine call can be made for initialisation of encoder or decoder. The code routine calls are re-entrant to allow multi-channel operation, the memory block associated with each channel being pointer-addressed. A C-callable wrapper file can also be provided, allowing individual channels to be called from C for processing of multiple sample/code blocks. A comprehensive user's guide is provided with the code.

Processor Load:

Function MIPS# Data memory (words) Prog memory (kwords)#
Encoder 3.6 60/channel 0.6
Decoder 3.2 60/channel 0.6
Encoder + Decoder 6.8 120/channel 0.8

- #figures for assembler interfaces with TMS320C54x operation

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